#86770 E-Cadherin (4A2) Mouse mAb (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate)
|内在性レベルのE-Cadherin タンパク質を検出します。他のCadherin タンパク質とは交差しません。|
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Confocal immunofluorescent analysis of MCF7 (left) and HeLa (right) cells using E-Cadherin (4A2) Mouse mAb (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate) (green). Blue pseudocolor= DRAQ5® #4084 (fluorescent DNA dye).
Cadherins are a superfamily of transmembrane glycoproteins that contain cadherin repeats of approximately 100 residues in their extracellular domain. Cadherins mediate calcium-dependent cell-cell adhesion and play critical roles in normal tissue development (1). The classic cadherin subfamily includes N-, P-, R-, B-, and E-cadherins, as well as about ten other members that are found in adherens junctions, a cellular structure near the apical surface of polarized epithelial cells. The cytoplasmic domain of classical cadherins interacts with β-catenin, γ-catenin (also called plakoglobin), and p120 catenin. β-catenin and γ-catenin associate with α-catenin, which links the cadherin-catenin complex to the actin cytoskeleton (1,2). While β- and γ-catenin play structural roles in the junctional complex, p120 regulates cadherin adhesive activity and trafficking (1-4). Investigators consider E-cadherin an active suppressor of invasion and growth of many epithelial cancers (1-3). Research studies indicate that cancer cells have upregulated N-cadherin in addition to loss of E-cadherin. This change in cadherin expression is called the "cadherin switch." N-cadherin cooperates with the FGF receptor, leading to overexpression of MMP-9 and cellular invasion (3). Research studies have shown that in endothelial cells, VE-cadherin signaling, expression, and localization correlate with vascular permeability and tumor angiogenesis (5,6). Investigators have also demonstrated that expression of P-cadherin, which is normally present in epithelial cells, is also altered in ovarian and other human cancers (7,8).
- Wheelock, M.J. and Johnson, K.R. (2003) Annu Rev Cell Dev Biol 19, 207-35.
- Christofori, G. (2003) EMBO J 22, 2318-23.
- Hazan, R.B. et al. (2004) Ann N Y Acad Sci 1014, 155-63.
- Bryant, D.M. and Stow, J.L. (2004) Trends Cell Biol 14, 427-34.
- Rabascio, C. et al. (2004) Cancer Res 64, 4373-7.
- Yamaoka-Tojo, M. et al. (2006) Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 26, 1991-7.
- Patel, I.S. et al. (2003) Int J Cancer 106, 172-7.
- Sanders, D.S. et al. (2000) J Pathol 190, 526-30.
|14472 E-Cadherin (4A2) Mouse mAb|
The Alexa Fluor dye conjugates in this product are sold under license from Life Technologies Corporation, for research use only excluding use in combination with DNA microarrays and high content screening (HCS).
DRAQ5 is a registered trademark of Biostatus Limited.
Alexa Fluor is a registered trademark of Life Technologies Corporation.
Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
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